Tuesday, January 15, 2019

What is 5G Network? Here Is What You Need To Know.

5G Wireless Network

If everything seems under control, you aren’t going fast enough.

What is 5G?

Fifth-generation wireless (5G) is the latest generation of cellular mobile communications. It succeeds the 4G (LTE/WiMax), 3G (UMTS) and 2G (GSM) system. 5G performance targets high data rate, reduced latency, energy saving, cost reduction, higher system capacity, and massive device connectivity. Mobile telephony has been making strides in technology. A new generation of network technology promises more speed, capacity, quality, and uses. 

Features of 5G wireless technology:

  1. Up to 20 Gbps data rate at the peak rate
  2. 1-millisecond latency
  3. 1000x bandwidth per unit area
  4. 99.99% availability
  5. Low Power Consumption
  6. Over a million device connectivity

How 5G is different from 3G and 4G?

4G has led to a steep increase in the amount of data consuming. 82% of the growth in the mobile traffic in India in 2017 came from 4G. Traffic grew by 135% year over year, driven by videos which brought more data traffic congestion, with 65-70% accounted from 4G. Average consumption of data by an Indian subscriber has grown to more than 11 GB. 4G network connectivity abysmally low at 109th position in the list of 124 countries.

The next generation telecom networks, 5G will hit the market by 2020. 5G will act like that momentum which in turn will unleash Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem where the network needs for billions of connected devices. Key arguments in favor of 5G congestion relief is that network operators can use 5G to alleviate the mobile and video congestion that often occurs when a large number of users are concentrated in one place, such as transit hubs, sporting events, and shopping areas. In 5G networks, wireless data can travel at real-world peaks that are more than 10 times faster than 4G networks. Simply, stated 5G is more than faster downloads.

Working Principle of 5G:

Wireless networks are composed of cell sites divided into sectors that send data through radio waves. 4G LTE wireless technology provides the foundation for 5G. Unlike 4G which requires large, high power cell towers to radiate signals over longer distances, 5G wireless signals will be transmitted via large numbers of small stations located in places like light poles, or building roofs. Thus they are subject to shorter distances interferences from weather and physical objects. To offset millimeter wave challenges relating to distance and interference, the wireless industry is also considering the use of lower frequency spectrum for 5G networks so network operators could use spectrum.

Status Quo of 5G:

Currently, as per the latest reports, 5G is in the following countries :
  1. United States of America
  2. China
  3. South Korea
  4. Japan 
Centre expects the auction of 5G spectrum in 2019. Network operators are expected to spend billions of dollars to establish this sort of network expenses through 2030. 5G use cases will begin to emerge between 2020 and 2025. By 2030, 5G services to extend its help in virtual reality (VR) business ventures content to autonomous vehicles navigation enabled by Real-time Communications capabilities.

2 Common fallacies of 5G:

  • There is no compelling; near future term business case for 5G
  • Implementing 5G will require enormous and unjustifiable capital investment.

A glimpse of IoT with 5G: (What is IoT?)

5G is the foundation for realizing the full potential of IoT. IoT presents both operators and industries with a fertile ground for innovations and new ways for engaging their end customers. One of the biggest thing which this joint venture will revolutionize will be logistics. Ever wonder about the news of Amazon stores without any manpower. IoT is an idea which older than the web. IoT along with 5G technology will bring more sophistication in tracking offers. The IoT devices will boost the warehouses and distributors, giving customers clearer visibility of their deliveries. IoT tracking devices are key to any improvements. Think of it like “Do Not Disturb” sign on the door of a hotel room. The device itself can tell the network is asleep. 

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